Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan
● Ph.D., Biomedical Engineering, December 2003
Dissertation: A Biomechanical Assessment of Female Body Armor
● M.S., Biomedical Engineering, May 2002
● B.S., Chemical Engineering, December 1997
Bir, CA, Resslar, M, Stewart, S. (2012). “Skin penetration surrogate for the evaluation of less lethal kinetic energy munitions.” Forensic Sci Int. 220(1-3): 126-9.
Stojsih S, Boitano M, Wilhelm M, Bir C. (2010). “A Prospective Study of Punch Biomechanics and Cognitive Function for Amateur Boxers.” Br J Sports Med. 44(10): 725-730.
Bir C, Barbir A, Dosquet F, Wilhelm M, van der Horst M, Wolfe G. (2008). “Validation of lower limb surrogates as injury assessment tools in floor impacts due to anti-vehicular land mines.” Mil Med. 173(12):1180-4.
Wilhelm, M. and Bir, C. (2008). “Injuries to Law Enforcement Officers: The Backface Signature Injury.”, Forensic Science International, 174(1): 6-11.
Bir, CA, Stewart, S, Wilhelm, M. (2005). “Skin Penetration Assessment of Less Lethal Kinetic Energy Munitions,” J Forensic Sci, 50(6): 1426-29.
Close, D, Babski-Reeves, K, Carruth, D, Blackledge, C, and M Wilhelm. (2009). Effects of Body Armor Design on Upper Body Range of Motion. HFES 2009 Annual Meeting.
Close, D, Babski-Reeves, K, Carruth, D, Blackledge, C, and M Wilhelm. (2009). Assessment of Body Armor Design Impacts on User Perceptions. HFES 2009 Annual Meeting.
Bir, CA, Barbir, A, Wilhelm, M, van der Horst, M, Dosquet, F, and G Wolfe. (2006). Validation of Lower Limb Surrogates as Injury Assessment Tools in Floor Impacts due to Anti-Vehicular Land Mines. Proceedings of the International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Impact (IRCOBI) 2006 Conference, Madrid, Spain, September 20-22, 2006.
Wilhelm, M, and Bir, CA. (2006). Comparison of Male and Female Blunt Ballistic Impacts. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, July 30-August 4, 2006.
Wilhelm, M, and Bir, CA. (2003). Upper Torso Injuries to Female Law Enforcement Personnel Due to Firearm Assaults. Proceedings of the NATO AVT/HFM Specialists’ Meeting, Koblenz, Germany. NATO Technical Report RTO-MP-AVT-097.
Lewis, EA, Johnson, CP, Bir, CA, M. Wilhelm, et al. (2004). An investigation to confirm the existence of "pencilling" as a non-penetrating behind armour injury. Proceedings of the PASS 2004 Conference, The Hague, Netherlands, August 2004.
Bir, CA and Wilhelm, M. (2004). Female Body Armor Assessment: Current Methods and Future Techniques. Proceedings of the PASS 2004 Conference, The Hague, Netherlands, August 2004.
Sherman, D, Wilhelm, M and Bir, CA. (2001). Accuracy Assessment of 12 Gauge Kinetic Energy Rounds. The Third Annual Non-lethal Technology and Research Symposium, Portsmouth, NH, November 2001 – Poster.
Barbir, A, Wilhelm, M, Wolfe, G and Bir, C. (2005). Lower Limb Surrogates As Injury Assessment Tools In Floor Impacts Due To AV Landmine Explosions. BMES, Baltimore, MD, September 2005 – Poster.
Copyright © Impact Research and Technology, LLC. All rights reserved.